What increases the risk of developing foot ulcers?
If you have reduced sensation to your feet (see above). The risk of this occurring increases the longer you have diabetes and the older you are. Also, if your diabetes is poorly controlled. This is one of the reasons why it is very important to keep your blood sugar level as near normal as possible.
If you have narrowed blood vessels (arteries) – see above. The risk of this occurring increases the longer you have diabetes, the older you become and also if you are male. Also, if you have any other risk factors for developing furring of the arteries. For example, if you smoke, do little physical activity, have a high cholesterol level, high blood pressure or are overweight.
If you have had a foot ulcer in the past.
If you have other complications of diabetes, such as kidney or eye problems.
If your feet are more prone to minor cuts, grazes, corns or calluses which can occur:
If you have foot problems such as bunions which put pressure on points on the feet.
If your shoes do not fit properly, which can put pressure on your feet.
If you have leg problems which affect the way that you walk, or prevent you from bending to care for your feet.